Why is western media criticizing Indian reservation system without understanding how the system makes India a safe heaven for investors?

Yes it is true that the varna system had immense benefits as it solved unemployment, wealth distribution problem, diversity in an occupation and a lot of other problems.

However, the original cast system was based on abilities and not on birth, a child was judged on the basis of their performance and then differentiated on that basis for their future. You might want to read up on this.

The first varna system was like this-

  • Kshatriyas
  • Brahmins
  • Vaishyas
  • Shudras

This particularly meant that the religious and the laureates did not have decision making progress, this was done by the soldiers and kings, which was pretty much their job, this also meant that religion didn't play that much of a role, and the progress of science was not done at the cost of common man’s life.

Along the way, came along a time when the Kshatriyas were a bit weaker and the Brahmins rose to power and they redefined the system as this –

  • Brahmins
  • Kshatriyas
  • Vaishyas
  • Shudras

However, around this time, it wasn't the scientists who were in majority, it was the religious pundits who decreed themselves as the one with god and they convinced people that their bloodline will be the men of god. And that is how we saw the downfall of the caste system, a system designed to maintain stability turned on itself so that it will never favor the poor, the weak or the less empowered.

The system we see today, is broken, twisted, an ancient ghost still haunting the progress of our once great nation.

The other nations see that we fight each other based on this outdated system, we kill each other over this, we have even killed our sisters, our daughters over this, we had labelled an entire race of people as untouchables, as people who shouldn't be touched, should never be allowed to have equal rights or a pursuit of happiness. Investors are correct in thinking that this may be the cause of a potential civil unrest in the future.

P.S. I am a Brahmin by birth, just about the purest by blood, or so I'm told.

It seems like every third question in Quora is about trying to understand liberals. Why?

There are two separate issues going on.

Firstly, that there are too many of these questions.

  • it's too easy to ask a question, especially a duplicate question. Not sure how you fix this without damaging the product unless you put a lot of effort into search
  • it too easy for especially dumb, push poll questions “why do liberals hate motherhood and apple pie so much?” to be asked from behind the cloak of anonymity

Secondly, that you see too many of these questions.

  • the Quora feed algorithm strikes me as too sensitive. Answer a couple of questions on socialism (or upvote etc) and you will be presented with loads more. This leads to people thinking that Quora as a whole is obsessed with particular things, when really it's the peculiarity of your feed
  • you can't mute anonymous content, and most of the dumb culture wars questions are anonymous
  • people answer the dumb questions instead of just downvoting/reporting. This increases their distribution. Personally, I'm trying to answer fewer stupid questions and I am downvoting a lot more.

I have partitioned my external hard drive on win 10, one partition has data in it and other one is free. Can I format the other partition on Mac OS?

hello, no don’t do that because mac os is not install on proper partition may be chances are high for wipe your windows partitions and all the partition merged may be your windows partition will be becomes corrupted. my advice is that you should use both OS on different hard disks i am using windows and mac both i m already faced that problems once after that i am too careful to partition.

Why does 'burning' the national flag is seen as a sign of protest in United States, while in India seen an antinational act?


Thanks for A2A.

I'm repeating a bit of my previous answer about flag and flag code of India.

First of all our flag means something to us. It stands for Sacrifice, Truth, Prosperity and Righteousness.

By respecting our flag that hurls, we pay tribute to the real Heroes who sacrificed their life for our freedom. We live in an independent country because of our real Heroes.

We have our flag code as below :

Insult to the National Flag will attract a prison term of 3 years

“As per Section 2 of ‘The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971’– Whoever, in any public place or in any other place within public view, burns, mutilates, defaces, defiles, disfigures, destroys, tramples upon or otherwise shows disrespect to or brings into contempt (whether by words, either spoken or written, or by acts) the Indian National Flag or any part of it, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine, or with both.”

The waving Flag in the wind is the symbol of our freedom. Our Flag waves so high which tells the history of how many people died.

We Indians as a whole country treat our country as a mother. Our flag symbolizes our mother land. We are emotionally connected and we have been taught to respect our country as much as we respect our biological mother(or even more) . And we have been happily doing that.

Thus, it's not only the law that prohibits us from disrespecting our National Flag, it is also our own sense of responsibility and respect that does not let us do anything disrespectful. Anyone found doing so is insulting the Nation and it being against the law, will attract punishment for the same. It will also be termed as antinational.

Our Nation Our Pride!


If there was an African colony in the world, rather than British, would having a dark complex be treated as superior in India?

During the colonial period yes, it could have been possible but after it no as people think the white people are better to look at rather than black guys (personnel experience).

Even the advertisements in our country encourage having a lighter skin complexion rather than having a black or a brown complexion. Even in the matrimonial advertisements people write that a “fair” bride/groom is needed.

So, I highly doubt if black complexion would be treated as a superior one.

Can dogs eat salty food?

It's not a decent plan to share salty foods like chips or pretzels along with your dog. ingestion an excessive amount of salt will create your dog seriously thirsty. … Symptoms of an excessive amount of salt embrace inborn reflex, diarrhea, depression, tremors, extreme temperature, and seizures. it should even cause death.

Best Dog Foods | The Dry – Wet – Canned – Grain-Free – Puppy Food

Anything in excess tends to be bad for us, and it's no different for our four-legged pals. Commercial dog food does contain sodium, whether salt is an ingredient or the other ingredients contain sodium. Dogs can typically tolerate the sodium content in their dog food and treats, but too much salt can lead to serious health issues and even death.

Everything in Moderation

Sodium is an essential mineral in the balanced diet of every dog. It helps your pup’s body maintain an ideal balance of fluid in his cells. Sodium also helps conduct nerve impulse generation and transmission.

How Much Is Too Much?

Healthy dogs weighing 33 pounds should consume no more than 100 mg of sodium a day, according to the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, a division of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. Talk to your veterinarian about adjusting the amount depending on how much larger or smaller your dog is. Some dogs, such as those with heart disease, might require lower amounts of sodium, but your vet can help you find the right amount.

What to Look Out For

Because salt absorbs water in the body, a dog that has consumed too much of it will become extremely thirsty. He will drink more water than usual to accommodate his thirst, which will lead to him urinating more, as his body struggles to process the salt quickly. As his circulatory system and kidneys try to cope, they will become strained and cause his body to swell. Your dog may even vomit, have diarrhea or seizures. These are all symptoms of sodium ion poisoning. If you suspect your dog has ingested too much salt and is showing any of the symptoms of salt intoxication or poisoning, take him to the emergency veterinarian immediately.

Too Little Is Just as Bad

Dogs become dehydrated when they lose too much water and the minerals in the water, including sodium and potassium. When his body doesn't have enough of these minerals, his organs and systems can stop functioning. The veterinarian will replenish your dog's fluids and electrolytes gradually to give his body time to readjust. Simply getting your dog to drink water may make him vomit or have diarrhea, and the idea here is to stop the loss of fluids. However, giving him a small amount of water — making sure he doesn't drink too much too fast — can help keep him more comfortable while you make your way to the vet.


Check food labels. Ingredients are usually listed by weight. Because dry food is lower in moisture, it may seem that it should have less sodium than wet food does, but this is not necessarily true. Whichever food you feed your furry pal, make sure that salt is never in the first five ingredients listed. Avoid giving your pooch table scraps, especially salty foods, such as beef jerky, potato chips, and pretzels. Dog owners who prepare homemade food for their dogs should not add salt to it, as ingredients typically already contain sodium in them. When in doubt, talk to your veterinarian and work out a diet that is ideal for your best friend. Read More

What can cure human greed?

Individually, the best way to stop your own greed is to lower your expectations about everything. The lower your wants, the easier it is not to be greedy. It takes a level of selflessness to achieve but it’s sure possible. Of course, there is a line of self-worth and ego that you need to stay above when it comes to setting what you want out of life because it’s important that you have needs and wants to motivate you to live your life the way you want to.

If you want to cure human greed as a whole, then the entire world would require an ideology shift. Something called Communism would work in it’s most ideal state. I think I read a question earlier today that talked about ideology and how it’s not necessarily the ideas it holds but the people behind it that causes the problems. If I remember I’ll link it. Again not impossible, but a lot harder as that’s 7.5 billion people who need to not want more for themselves than they need and to be fair and giving to everyone. And it only takes one greedy person to set it all off in motion.

How do mammals adapt to new environments?

The need to adapt

Previous chapters mentioned the need for animals to adapt to the changes in their environments. This is because some changes can threaten the chances of an animal's survival. In general terms, the three main threats to survival are temperature, lack of water and lack of food. Outside of environmental threats, many animals also need to be able to defend themselves from predators in order to survive.

Many animals have adapted over time, allowing them to better cope with the threats they face as a regular part of their lives. Some types of adaptation may change the physical characteristics of an animal; other adaptations may be a change in behavior.


There are some environments that are naturally hot or cold, and the animals that live in them have usually adapted over time in order to be able to survive more comfortably. Polar bears in the Arctic have thick fur that helps them to keep warm on land and a layer of fat under their skin to help them keep warm when they swim in the cold water.

Many desert dwelling animals are more active at night-time when it is cooler, rather than during the hot days. Animals that are active at night are called nocturnal.

Lack of water

There are many environments around the world in which water can be scarce. These can include deserts, very cold regions and areas in which water sources are polluted. The camel is a prime example of an animal that has adapted to living in regions with limited water supplies.

Australia actually has many camels living in remote areas. These animals were originally introduced to the country by people who wanted to transport goods through dry and desolater areas. Today some people estimate that there are between 500 000 and 1 000 000 feral or wild camels living in Australia.

Camels are famous for having one or two humps. A one-humped camel is known as a dromedary, and two-humped camels are called Bactrian camels. Even though many people believe that a camel's hump is used to store water, the truth is that the hump stores fat. This fat can be used as energy when the camel needs it and the hump will shrink and sag as the fat supplies are used up.

Camels are actually able to survive for over a week without any water and can survive for months without eating. When they do find water, they can also drink a lot. A thirsty camel can drink over a hundred liters in just a couple of minutes.

Lack of food

Some animals can be threatened by a lack of food in their environment. This can be a result of weather conditions like drought, or perhaps other animals have eaten all the food in an area. Sometimes this is caused by humans removing native vegetation to build houses or farms on the land.

Sometimes the food an animal eats is available, but it is difficult to reach. The echidna is an excellent example of an animal that has adapted to be able to catch and eat its favorite food, ants. The echidna has a long snout and powerful front arms that it uses to dig into hollow logs or anthills. It also has a long and sticky tongue that can extend about 15 centimeters past the end of its snout.

Sometimes the echidna will lie near an anthill, stick its tongue out and wait for ants to walk across it. It can do this for a very long time.


Some animals also adapt in order to be able to defend themselves from predators. Some are able to run quickly to escape; others change color in order to hide. The echidna is protected by a coating of thick spines.

Echidnas are sometimes eaten by dingoes and goannas. It is also believed that they may be hunted by foxes. When they are approached by something threatening, they will often curl into a ball, leaving only sharp spikes pointing out toward an attacker. Sometimes they will scrape a small hole for its soft belly in the ground.

Other adaptations

There are many ways in which an animal can adapt to the environment around it. Sometimes different animals living in the same area will have similar adaptations. Sometimes the same animals will have different adaptations in different areas. Some of the more common adaptations of animals include:

  • Hibernation – some animals will hibernate or 'sleep' through the coldest part of the year. Bears are one of the best-known examples of this.
  • Migration – some animals will move from one area to another as the weather becomes too hot or cold. Sometimes they will travel in order to find new sources of food.
  • Molting and shedding – some animals grow thick coats of fur to keep warm through winter. Often they will shed this coat when the weather starts to warm up again.
  • Changing color – some animals will change their color or markings to blend into their surroundings.

Can you think of any other ways in which an animal might change or adapt to suit its environment?

Slow change

Even though the circumstances in an environment can change quickly, it usually takes some time for a change to become permanent. This means that most environments change slowly. This gives the animals that live in them time to slowly change as well.

Sometimes the process of change can take place over many generations of animals. Minor changes can be passed from parents to children, and a series of small changes can build up into adaptation