What would a libertarian utopia look like?

It would look a whole lot like Hong Kong, but with Houston, Texas lack of zoning restrictions, and a Silicon Valley number of start ups.

There would be a large number of toll roads.

Local streets would be maintained by private contractors selected local street maintenance assessment districts, or by groups of homeowners associations.

There would be more bank failures, since almost anyone could start a bank. (You would have to be 21 AND sober)
However, you could get a loan almost anything.
People would spread their business among multiple banks for safety, with no FDIC.

With little safety nets like Social Security, the savings rate would be much higher, providing more capital for business.  Since taxes would be lower, the rewards for starting a business would tend to be higher.

There would be lots of different schools for everything.

Restaurant windows would be full of stickers from Zagat, Yelp and a dozen others rating the restaurants food, service and sanitation.
Wait, that happened, except for sanitation.

Police and the court system would still exist, and would enforce contracts.

Environmental damage would be punished by tort law. This would deter  major pollution.

Licensing of experts would be competitive.  A similar situation exist with Scuba divers, who get certified by NAUI or PADI

Some dangerous things would still be regulated, like airlines flying large jets.
Tort law dosen't provide a good remedy when a 737 lands on your house.

There are two ways to do the military – Switzerland/Finland/Israel/ Singapore model, where almost everyone is trained, and a smaller highly trained group.

The military would be pretty small, inexpensive, but very dangerous.
For example, they would have hidden long range missiles with biological weapons to deter attacks.

Why do American universities and colleges give out "B.S." degrees?

Well, of course, they don't give them out, students have to earn them. But I take your point.

The BS harkens back to the Latin (language) scientiae baccalaureus, which translates Bachelor of Science. And that's no bull!

Here in the US it seems to offend few sensibilities among the degree recipients and even fewer among the mom and dads that foot the tuition bills.

If, as I suspect, you are from the The United Kingdom, then you are no doubt aware of other variations on the degree abbreviation game: B.Sc. and then S.B. or Sc.B. and so on.

Among my own collection of sheepskins is the A.B. I myself once wondered why I had an A.B. and others I knew had a B.A. The situation is analogous to the B.S. The B.A. and the A.B. both trace back to the Latin artium baccalaureus, which would be bachelor of arts (as in the vaunted liberal arts). So the ordering of letters is a matter of preference or tradition and somewhat arbitrary for that.

I have come to revere my A.B. and much prefer its designation to the more plebeian B.A. Has just the faintest whiff of the antiquarian, wouldn't you say?

Should you desire to learn more Latin and seek help with the declension of the various nouns then I refer you to my Quora buddy and Latin buff Colin Jensen (Quora user), who can hold forth on the distinction between the genitive and nominative.

All of which brings me to a conclusory anecdote. Yale University's commencement ceremony unfolds according to the typical pattern: Deans of the schools present the candidates, and the President then confers the actual degrees. When I participated in the ceremony (in 1978), all went according to script until the head of Yale college presented the undergraduates. He presents them speaking only Latin. Everyone oohs and aahs appreciatively. The President, who had previous been speaking only in English, then engages in a little one-upmanship and does the conferral in Latin. A quaint set piece that I suspect is repeated elsewhere.

Accredited Investor Net Worth Calculation Guidance: how to value Private Company Securities?

Yes, everything can be included. Rights to a 50-year springing remainder on the Beatles' songs would still count.

Private stock should, as the default rule in all these sorts of cases, be measured at FMV. That's not a direct answer because the methods you describe are all ways of getting to FMV — they just depend on the circumstances. How recent was the valuation? What has changed, for good or bad, since that time, both internally and externally?

To help us, the question might be focused on the issue of whether you're an investor looking to get access or a company looking to reduce risk. That might lead to different judgments about the analysis or type of documentation that might be produced to answer the question. In other words, if you are the company and the person is sitting at $994,785 net worth and you think that there might be $6k of sway in the numbers, then I'll simply say this: figure out what the cost of being wrong is first. (And that's a topic for another question.) And then narrow down your risk of being wrong.

Who built Superman's Fortress of Solitude?

In the comics, it has generally been portrayed as Superman having built it himself. Over time, the precise nature of the Fortress' origins, however, have changed repeatedly. It gets confusing sometimes, trying to keep up with which version of the Fortress and its origins are in continuity, and I think right now the existing version is something based on the film version, but I'm not 100% certain of that because D.C. just did a kind of revamping/rebooting of their entire comic book universe, and it's still not totally clear which precise origin elements are in place in some instances.

In the films, the Fortress grew out of a Kryptonian crystal that contains the "coding" to grow the entire Fortress and all of its internal technologies. The crystal was created by Superman's biological father, Jor-El, and sent to Earth with Superman inside the spaceship from Krypton.

What is the lamest publicity stunt ever attemped?

"After the 2011 SuperBowl, Pawngo, a Denver-based online pawning startup, dropped 900 pounds of Butterfinger candy bars in Boston‘s Copley Square Tuesday with a gift tag in the form of a large placard that read, “Thank you Wes Welker.” The stunt was meant to mock Patriots receiver Wes Welker for dropping a key pass in Sunday’s big game, a move now being referred to as “The Drop.” <— Personally I think it was tasteless but others thought that it was a smart stunt as they definitely received the press they clearly were desperate for.


Why is it called "Indian-style" sitting when you sit on the floor crossing your legs?

It is Indian style as in the country India in south Asia. It is the traditional style of sitting in India. It is used comparatively less now-a-days. But before the western style of eating at a dinner table everyone sat on the ground cross-legged to eat. This is still used in many parts.

Moreover in Hindu religion (which is practised widely in India) we have the Lord Shiva, the head of Trinity. He is mostly pictured in the same pose.

What happens to plastic bags put in the recycling bins in the lobbies of stores like Asda or Tesco?  Are they actually recycled?

Not just Polycarbonates can spoil a good load of recyclable PET, there is also the so-called compostable bio-plastics such as PLA, which should be banned outright. These are sold to people under the assumption that they can put them in their compost bin in the garden and it would magically turn to mush. In fact, they require of industrial composting conditions and these are not commonplace. When placed in the recycling bin by mistake, it would reach the recycling plant and cause degradation of PET. Separation at recycling centres is done by density and flotation tests and unfortunately PLA has similar density to PET. Moral of the story: Some people think they are doing their bit for the planet and they just end up screwing it even more. PLA is a crime.

How can I stop my Apple Mail 5.0 client from downloading and re-downloading tens of thousands of Gmail messages?

I use Sparrow for my Gmail accounts and Mail for my Exchange and conventional IMAP accounts.

Another option is to go into Mail's preferences, go to the Accounts pane and the "Advanced" options. In that area there is a drop-down menu labeled "Keep copies of messages for offline viewing." There are several choices there where you can limit the messages downloaded to only ones you've read or none instead of keeping everything.

How can I import Microsoft OneNote data to Evernote?

Well let's start with the basics,

I'm running:
Evernote (Windows) (212650) Prerelease
MS OneNote 2010 (most current version)

With this current version of EN, I can go to the "File" pull down menu and select "import" and it shows me two choices one of them being "Microsoft OneNote."

Once that selection is chosen I can then select the specific notebook and it also let's me select the "sections" from that notebook to import by clicking on check-boxes for them.

So provided you have this version of EN, this is the easiest method. If you decide not to use this version of EN or have something different, I can come back and post other (be it a tad more tedious) ways of getting those OneNote notebooks and sections into EN.

*Note: In order to get access to "pre" release versions, go into pull-down menu "Tools… Options and select "Update to pre-release version when available." After that is done go to pull-down menu select "Help… check for updates."

Hope this helps,
Steven Banks